-学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

时间:2020-06-15 16:00:39 考试英语 我要投稿

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  一、阅读理解

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  Ottawa museum of Nature

  The range of products and services available at the Ottawa Museum of Nature is as broad and interesting as the range of activities.

  ·Birthday Parties: Give your child — aged from 4 to 12 — an unforgettable birthday party at the museum!

  ·Facility Rentals: Planning an event in Ottawa Let our elegant, historic, castle-like setting and our dedicated staff help you create a magical event to remember!

  ·Travelling Exhibition Rentals Looking for new programming for your institution We have many popular travelling exhibitions — small and large — that tour across Ottawa.

  ·Photo and Film Shoots: Either of our unique buildings would make great backdrops for your project. Whether for a commercial (广告), education, media, of fashion production, we’ve got a location for you.

  How to get here

  If you are on Highway 417 (the Queensway), take the Metcalfe exit, No. 119. You Can see the museum from the highway look for a “castle” on the north side.

  Walking from the downtown The museum is only 20-minute walk fro Parliament Hill. Metcalfe Street takes you directly to the main entrance of the museum. Elgin and O’Connor streets take you to the outer edges of the museum grounds.

  Membership

  We strongly advise you to apply for our membership. A lot of on-site benefits are waiting for you:

  ·Free admission to the museum for one year;

  ·Free admission to temporary blockbuster exhibitions (i. e. no special-exhibition surcharge);

  ·Discount on museum programs, including adult workshops and special lectures (to a maximum of 20%);

  ·10 points for use at the Nature Trade;

  ·10% discount at the Nature Café.

  1.What can people do in the museum

  A. Hold birthday parties for friends.

  B. Enjoy a movie from Hollywood.

  C. Organize a tour across Ottawa.

  D. Shoot an advertising video.

  2.What does the museum mainly do

  A. Offer visitors various kinds of exhibitions.

  B. Carry out different social services.

  C. Provide special occasions and services.

  D. Help family and friends get together.

  3.What can you get as a member of the museum

  A. Free snacks and coffee for a year.

  B. On-site discounts and offers.

  C. At least a 20%o discount on museum programs.

  D. Life-long free admission to the museum.

  This past summer I went on a journey to Canada’s Arctic with Students On Ice. When I left Calgary I wondered what I would find what I would learn and who I would meet. On the trip to Ottawa I was wrapped in a blanket of uncertainty and excitement. But when I first met the group of students, scientists and leaders, I knew that l didn’t have anything to worry about. The group was amazingly receptive and I was soon part of a big family setting out on an amazing adventure—an adventure of a lifetime!

  When we reached the Arctic I saw a vast Land that appeared untouched and original. I was surprised by its great size and beauty and my senses were repeatedly shocked and amazed. I stood on the Kapitan Khlebnikov and saw twelve polar bears. They walked in search of seal holes, and patiently waited for a meal. I learned that polar bears are successful only one out of every twenty hunting attempts.

  However, I learned that the Arctic and its people are being threatened by pollution and global warming. I learned that pollutants are carried by ocean and air and have a bad effect on all Arctic people. I learned that global warming has put polar bears at risk because a warmer climate means that they have a shorter time to hunt seals on the ice.

  The trip was a feast (盛宴) for the senses. I have learned more about our environment, and particularly how alive and interesting the Arctic is and why it is so important to take care of it. I learned pollution, ignorance of individual and global problems need to be solved. The Arctic deserves to he preserved. My trip with Students On Ice has made me more determined to try to ensure that I do not leave harmful footprints on either Earth or its people.

  1.What can we learn from the first paragraph

  A. The writer was too excited to bring a blanket.

  B. The writer was thrilled and full of wonder before the trip.

  C. The group the writer joined was strict with its members.

  D. The writer found it hard to fit in with the group.

  2.Which is true about the polar bears according to the passage

  A. It’s not easy for them to catch seals.

  B. They are at risk because the land is vast and untouched.

  C. They prefer a little warmer climate.

  D. They warmly welcomed the writer and her party.

  3.How did the writer feel about the trip according to the last paragraph

  A. Surprising.B. Alarming.

  C. Appealing.D. Rewarding.

  4.What would be the best title for the passage

  A. Global Warming and Canada’s ArcticB. The Arctic Is under Severe Threat

  C. My Trip to the Canadian ArcticD. Polar Bears and Me

  Scientists have found an unexpected use for virtual reality headsets (耳机). The devices (装置), widely used by computer gamers, show pictures that can be used to test the navigational (导航的) skills of people, who were thought to be at risk of dementia (痴呆). Those who do worse in the tests will be the ones more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease later in life, scientists now believe.

  The discovery that the loss of navigational skills was associated with Alzheimer’s was made several years ago by Dennis Chan and his colleagues based at several centers in the UK. These studies used computers to test navigational tasks. But now scientists plan to take their tests to a new level with the use of the virtual reality headsets in which wearers are placed in man-made environments through which they must navigate.

  Around 300 people, aged between 40 and 60, will be arranged to participate in the study. Some will have a gene that puts them at risk of the condition or will come from a family with a history of Alzheimer’s. Not all will certainly be affected by the disease, however. Chan’s project aims to find out who will. Wearing the headsets, participants will be asked to navigate their way through a series of different environments and then remember the details.

  Researchers recently pointed out the significance of a tiny area of the brain known as the entorhinal cortex (an important memory center in the brain ). It acts as a center in a widespread brain network that controls navigation. This now appears to be the first part of the brain that seems to be easily harmed by Alzheimer’s.

  The goal of the work is to help people as they develop the disease. “So far, drug trials for Alzheimer’s have been applied when people have already got dementia, by which time considerable damage to the brain has already occurred,” Chan told the Obsenver. “If we can entorhinal cortex, then this would have the potential to prevent the dementia.”

  1.What does the unexpected use of VR headsets mentioned in Paragraph 1 refer to

  A. Making games mor interesting for computer gamers.

  B. Testing ones potential to develop dementia.

  C. Helping people suffering Alzheimer’s recover.

  D. Reducing the risk of having dementia.

  2.What are the participants required to do in the study

  A. Know unfamiliar environments by using tablet computers.

  B. Identify directions in some man-made environments.

  C. Play computer games by using navigational skills.

  D. Create special environments by using navigational skills.

  3.What’s implied (暗示) about the entorhinal cortex in the brain

  A. Its functions have becn known for years.

  B. It can be expanded by using VR headsets.

  C. It can directly affect one’s navigational skills.

  D. Its size depends on that of ones memory center.

  4.From Chan’s words, we can know ________.

  A. he will spread the new drug

  B. he will try out the drug

  C. the study helps to prevent dementia

  D. the study still needs to be improved

  After decades of cat-and-mouse between athletes and the word anti-doping agency (WADA), athletes found what they must have believed to be the ultimate (终极的) doping agent: their own blood. To enhance athletic performance with your own blood, you draw your blood and store it in a freezer. Your body compensates by creating more blood. Then, months later, just before a competition, you can re-inject (注射) the old blood for a boost. As the red-blood-cell count goes up, so does an athlete’s ability to absorb oxygen. The more oxygen you get with each breath, the more energy your body is able to bum and the better you are able to perform.

  Although the enhancement is small compared to actual drugs, it can be the difference between a gold medal and a silver medal. Best of all, “extra blood” was never something WADA tested for.

  But WADA wasn’t going to sit by and be fooled. What it came up with in response might be a solution to stop doping once and for all: an athlete biological passport (ABP). The idea is to record some biological features of an athlete through testing done at regular intervals. The biological passport’s partial implementation (实施)—recording blood and steroid levels—began in January 20xx.

  When all necessary biological features are finally combined, WADA will no longer need to worry about finding new methods to detect a drug. It will only have to detect (检测) resulting changes in the body. In the case of blood doping, if the athlete’s normal red-blood-cell count is, say, 47%, but then is found to be 51% after a competition, cheating may have been involved.

  WADA is confident that the biological passport could even prevent genetic changes—the ultimate, ever-lasting enhancement—which are surely coming next. If an athlete s a performance enhancing gene, it will probably leave detectable changes in the body, that would differ from the athlete’s feature in the biological passport.

  1.What does the underlined word “boost” in Paragraph 1 probably mean

  A. Treatment.B. Test.

  C. Promotion.D. Recovery.

  2.What words can be used to describe the athlete biological passport

  A. Complex and expensive.B. Simple and thorough.

  C. Flexible an popular.D. Controversial and confusing.

  3.What s the writer’s attitude towards the solution of anti-doping mentioned in the text

  A. Suspicious.B. Positive.

  C. Worried.D. Unconcerned.

  4.What can we infer about the athlete biological passport

  A. It can only be used to test blood doping.

  B. It has been completely adopted by WADA.

  C. It is the excellent alternative of many athletes.

  D. It’s a good choice to ensure faimess in sports

  二、七选五

  Taking care of a sick loved one can put stress on your health. When taking care of other persons, you may ignore your own physical needs. You may find that your health is failing. If you fall ill, you won’t be able to help. 1..

  Eat well. When things seem out of control, you may have no time to focus on good eating habits. You may not eat much; 2.. Both of those put stress on you. Try to eat as healthily as you can, even if sometimes you have to rely on simple meals like salads.

  Try to get enough sleep. Sleep can also be difficult when you’re caring for a loved one. You may be too worried to sleep at times, 3.. Not getting enough sleep can make you less effective in the task. Therefore, try to get as much as you can.

  Take time to exercise. Exercising will also help you keep healthy while you’re caring for a loved one. Exercise can reduce your stress level. 4.. So you’ll need to find ways to work it into your schedule. You can take a short walk a couple of times or do yoga at home.

  5.. It can be easy to overlook the health problem in yourself when you’re caring for someone else. If you fall ill, that does not do anyone good. So it’s best to make sure you’re in good health.

  A. or you may end up eating junk food

  B. or the task may interrupt your sleep

  C. Don’t ignore signs of illness in yourself

  D. It can help you get recovered from illness

  E. Therefore, it is important to take care of yourself

  F. However, it can be difficult when you ‘re taking care of a loved one

  G. The best plan is to visit the doctor regularly to make sure you’re in good health

  三、完形填空

  I’m currently at a unique university, an inclusive one where 46 speech and hearing ______ students graduate each year. I have been working with these students to help them get clear on their career goals.

  Today, an ______ thing happened. One girl came at around 11: 30 am and sat down. I started with what we usually do. She can speak but cannot ______ or lip-read. So she started speaking in Tamil. When I managed to tell her that I couldn’t speak Tamil, she spoke English.

  I ______ asking one question, and she went on for 10 minutes ______, and in Tamil. I understood a ______ of words here and there, so I knew she was not saying something ______ to what I asked. I was just looking straight in her eyes and smiling. I kept on ______ her without saying a word. This went on for an hour and a half!

  Then after a long ______, I told her to get back on ______ with another question. And then she shared for another half an hour straight! The ______ time I was just looking in her ______ but never ______ down.

  I had absolutely no ______ what she spoke for these hours, but what I knew was that I was listening to ______ she was sharing and also started understanding a bit in ______. Several times, I would ______ with a simple question: Are you happy And she would ______ on.

  I was ______ happy because I saw her smiling in the end. And then, I just ______ and hugged her and she was smiling even wider.

  1.A. recoveredB. damagedC. adequateD. ambiguous

  2.A. annualB. absurdC. incredibleD. initial

  3.A. readB. advocatedC. writeD. hear

  4.A. tiredB. advocatedC. threatenedD. finished

  5.A. moreB. straightC. backwardD. outwards

  6.A. numberB. lotC. coupleD. double

  7.A. meantB. relatedC. ledD. catered

  8.A. listening toB. talking toC. watchingD. caring

  9.A. journeyB. hesitationC. spaceD. distance

  10.A. recordB. trackC. conditionD. target

  11.A. instantB. abundantC. unconsciousD. whole

  12.A. faceB. pulseC. eyesD. ears

  13.A. fallingB. rollingC. comingD. taking

  14.A. ideaB. principleC. intentionD. discrimination

  15.A. whateverB. howeverC. whicheverD. wherever

  16.A. beyondB. turnC. betweenD. vain

  17.A. declareB. tolerateC. interruptD. explore

  18.A. continueB. lookC. answerD. flee

  19.A. permanentlyB. shortlyC. lamelyD. certainly

  20.A. looked aheadB. carried offC. took overD. got up

  四、语法填空

  阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Fewer than one in seven people can 1. ( correct) identify common washing symbols while a 2. (three) of people admit they never check instruction labels (标签). Some seven in ten say they ever had machine-washed clothes that should 3. (go) to the dry cleaners because they failed to look at the labels.

  The ignorance about 4. clothes should be cleaned can cost families thousands of pounds, according to a sample test of householders by a school uniform supplier.

  Men are the worst offenders with more than three quarters always using the same program on a washing machine regardless of the instructions. Almost half of 5. (woman) used just three programs. 6. is said that the lack of understanding over symbols is destroying thousands of pounds worth of clothing 7. (treat) improperly.

  While almost eight 8. ten people believe it is important to check the labels on their clothes, less than half look at them when 9. (buy) new clothes. Some nine out of ten said they were unaware that some clothing should never be put in the drier.

  The labels are there to show how clothes should be treated. This 10. (help) information can save time and ensure clothes to last longer.

  五、单句改错

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  1.I suggest go to the presentation at the school hall this afternoon.

  2.Parents should be aware that all children would enjoy being praise by the teacher.

  3.He gave us a warning that without a permit we may be stopped at the gate.

  4.Since then we had got used to camping in the wild for the weekend.

  5.There are plenty of good hotels and restaurants there and its food has an excellent reputation.

  6.That I was going to be late got myself stressed.

  7.It is compulsory for winners to be tested but other participant are only tested at a random.

  8.We are advised to put the data in storage before the power is off.

  9.It will take years for nature to return to normally.

  10.I have some information on your topic that you can refer.

  六、汉译英

  汉译英

  1.我认为他所做的应该得到所有人的`表扬。

  I thought ________ he did ________ the praise from all people.

  2.传统中医能永远消灭这种病症。

  Traditional Chinese medicine can wipe out the epidemics ________ ________.

  3.每个公民都应参与即将来到来的冬奥会。

  Every citizen should ________ his ________ in the coming Winter Olympic Games.

  4.今晚我整夜工作,所以我恐怕不能去接你了。

  I will ________ ________ all evening, so I won’t be able to meet you.

  5.从前,他在太极拳协会当教练。

  He ________ ________ be an instructor in the Taijiquan Community.

  七、开放性作文

  假定你是李华,你校英文周刊本周讨论的话题是“高中生在学校该不该用智能手机”。请你写篇短文,说明你的观点。请从以下两个观点中选择一个:

  1. 高中生应该在学校使用智能手机;

  2. 高中生不应该在学校使用智能手机。

  注意:1. 词数80左右

  2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

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